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AEI currently utilizes a RIEGL VZ400 Terrestrial Laser Scanner on various job sites.  This proecss utilizes a high accuracy 3D terrestrial LiDAR unit.  The data collected will be brought into a feature extraction software, TopoDOT.  TopoDOT utilizes a variety of tools to identify adn quickly extrapolate features within pointcloud data.  All features can then be imported into an AutoCAD drawing file.  AEI can provide an accurate 3D pointcloud of terrain plus any existing building or structures.  The pointcloud can also be converted for Building Information Models.

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Allen Engineering is involved with the civil design and surveying for the new park in Palm Bay, Flordia.  This Regional Park will feature 150 full service campsite hookups and is scheduled to break ground in 2018.  We are extremely proud to be involved in this project.

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Allen Engineering is beginning its 21st year associated with the Space Coast Post of the Society of American Military Engineers (SAME).  During our 21 years, we have helped raise over $350,000 in scholarships and endowments.  We are extremely proud to be associated with SAME and its continued commitment to offer opportunities for students pursuing careers in the engineering field.

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This form of surgery is best reserved for men in whom conventional treatments have failed and who are keen to virus encrypted my files 250mg azithromycin free shipping resume full sexual activity antibiotic blue pill buy 100mg azithromycin with mastercard. Counseling of the patient infection thesaurus order azithromycin 100mg with amex, and whenever possible his partner infection quizlet discount azithromycin 250 mg visa, is extremely important, particularly about the choice of prosthesis. Patients must be warned regarding postoperative pain or discomfort and the potential for reoperation. Patients will need to restrict physical activity and refrain from intercourse for between 4 and 6 weeks after the operation. They should be warned about the possible complications of infection, erosion and prosthesis failure, and that these problems usually require device removal. It is also very important that the patient and his partner are aware that the erection produced by a prosthesis is different from a normal erection, depending very much on the type of prosthesis chosen. There is uncertainty as to whether men with diabetes are at higher risk of infection than men without diabetes after insertion of a penile prosthesis, but there is a consensus that, should infection occur, it is more serious [98]. Most published series of well-selected groups of men who have undergone penile pros- Figure 45. It is often wise to let the patient take away the literature to read and to consider the matter, with treatment being started at a subsequent visit. As with many disorders encountered in primary care, the general practitioner may choose to manage the problem in a standard consultation with the patient. It is therefore important to consider general health issues and to address lifestyle factors. It is likely that these clinics will mainly treat men who have failed to respond to oral therapies and that they will maintain expertise in the use of other treatments, such as intracavernosal injection therapy and vacuum devices, referring patients when necessary to urologic surgeons for penile prosthesis insertion. Anecdotally, women with severe autonomic neuropathy can have an excellent sex life, unlike men, so it is likely there are differences between men and women in the way the autonomic nervous system controls genital responses [107]. Little work has been carried out on the effect of other medical conditions or treatments on sexual function in women. In a small cross-over study of 53 premenopausal women, it was reported that sildenafil significantly improved the frequency of intercourse and enjoyment compared with placebo [108]. In contrast, a much larger study of 583 women with female sexual arousal disorder reported no difference between the sildenafil or placebo-treated groups [109]. One of the few studies published to date on the effect of sildenafil on sexual dysfunction in women with diabetes reported that the treated group had improved arousal and sexual enjoyment as well as clitoral blood flow compared with controls [110]. Many women attending a diabetic clinic will be over 50 years of age and some will have problems associated with the menopause, including vaginal dryness and dyspareunia. It can be difficult to distinguish the effects of the menopause from those of diabetes, but in practical terms the treatment is the same. Managing loss of libido in women with diabetes is more complex and beyond the scope of this chapter. It is much more likely to be caused by psychosocial and relationship issues rather than somatic problems. Female sexual dysfunction Male sexual dysfunction has been described as the most neglected complication of diabetes. However, there has been considerably more interest in, and research into, the sexual dysfunction of men as compared to women. Failure to achieve an erection makes sexual intercourse impossible, but reduced vaginal lubrication is easily overcome with simple treatments such as lubricating creams and may not even be considered to be abnormal by a postmenopausal woman. They reported that the prevalence of impaired sexual arousal and inadequate lubrication was between 14% and 45% in women with diabetes, which was significantly higher than in controls without diabetes [100]. In contrast, there was little evidence of an increased risk of dyspareunia or problems with orgasm in women with diabetes. Thus, it would appear that women with diabetes admit to specific sexual dysfunctions when they are asked, but it is the universal experience of diabetologists that women with diabetes rarely complain of sexual problems. That a problem is not often volunteered by patients does not mean it is not significant or worthy of research. Genitourinary infections in women with diabetes Vaginal candidiasis is a common finding in women with diabetes, particularly if the blood glucose control is poor and probably because yeasts thrive in a glucose-rich environment. Severe infection can be very irritating and painful and can interfere with sexual intercourse. Infections usually respond to conventional antifungal creams and pessaries; resistant cases usually respond 752 Sexual Function in Men and Women with Diabetes Chapter 45 to a single oral dose of fluconazole. To reduce the chances of reinfection, attempts should be made to improve diabetic control. Other genital infections also occur in women with diabetes, but probably no more frequently than in the general population. Conclusions on female sexual dysfunction There are differences in the ways in which men and women respond to sexual dysfunction. Traditionally, the view has been expressed that men focus on physiologic function, while the quality of the relationship is more important to women. Such generalizations are now considered a little dangerous, but there is no doubt that in women, psychologic factors are more important than the minor degrees of sexual dysfunction that occur in diabetes. When asked, women with diabetes admit to an increased prevalence of vaginal dryness and impaired arousal, but these are not common problems in the day-to-day management of diabetes. The treatment for these problems is the same for women either with or without diabetes.

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Hot milk (1 cup) containing coriander (1 teaspoon) antibiotic horror generic azithromycin 100mg fast delivery, cumin (1/2 teaspoon) antibiotics xerostomia 100 mg azithromycin visa, and raw sugar (1 teaspoon) can be ingested once or twice daily to virus in midwest discount 100mg azithromycin heal rashes and hives and restore skin health antibiotic vancomycin tablets dosage buy generic azithromycin 500 mg line. Hives are treated with herbal preparations, acupuncture, ear acupuncture, and cupping. Preparations applied to the skin to relieve the itching associated with hives include Jie Du Cha Ji (Resolve Toxin Smearing Liquid), Zhi Yang Po Fen (Relieve Itching Powder), and Zhi Yang Xi Ji (Relieve Itching Washing Preparation). An increased intake of mackerel, salmon, and herring provides essential fatty acids that may decrease itching and inflammation. Hives can be relieved by rubbing the affected area with an ice cube, taking a cool bath, or using a cold compress. Hypnosis has been helpful in treating atopic dermatitis, herpes, itching, psoriasis, hives, and other dermatoses. Red rashes are treated with fresh apple, dark grape, papaya, or pineapple juices drunk at room temperature between meals. Eczema-A superficial type of inflammation of the skin that may be very itchy and weeping in the early stages; later, the affected skin becomes crusted, scaly, and thick. Psoriasis-A common chronic skin disorder that causes red patches anywhere on the body. Purpura-A group of disorders characterized by purple, red, or brown areas of discoloration visible through the skin. Systemic lupus erythematosus-A chronic immune disorder that attacks multiple parts of the body, including skin, blood vessels, kidneys, and connective tissue. Experts also recommend switching to cloth diapers and cleaning affected skin with plain water. Expected results Most rashes that have an acute cause (such as an infection or an allergic reaction) will disappear as soon as the infection or irritant is removed from the system. Rashes that are caused by chronic conditions (such as autoimmune disorders) may remain indefinitely or may fade and then return periodically. A person known to be allergic to certain drugs or substances should avoid those things in order to prevent a rash. It is also a good idea to avoid sharing cosmetics and personal care items (including lip balms) with other family members or friends. Diaper rash can be prevented by using cloth diapers, keeping the diaper area very clean, breast-feeding, and changing diapers often. A person should launder clothing and rinse his or her skin first with rubbing alcohol and then with water after contact with a plant that can cause contact dermatitis. Soothing lotions, topical corticosteroids (such as hydrocortisone), or oral antihistamines (Benadryl) can provide some relief. Topical antibiotics may be administered if the patient, particularly a child, has caused an infection by scratching. Some women use tea made from raspberry leaves to regulate their menstrual cycles and to decrease heavy menstrual flow. It is also used for gastrointestinal disorders, respiratory illness, the cardiovascular system and for sores in the mouth and throat. Pregnancy Raspberry leaves have been used for centuries by women during pregnancy. Raspberry leaves are commonly used throughout pregnancy for many reasons, including helping morning sickness, preventing miscarriage, strengthening the uterus, regulating contractions, and relaxing the uterus during labor. Some pet breeders give a tincture of red raspberry leaves to pregnant cats who are likely to have difficulty in kittening. Gastrointestinal disorders Because it is an astringent, raspberry is a gentle antidiarrheal. Mouth and throat sores Raspberry tea is helpful for healing mouth and throat sores when used as a mouthwash or gargle. Cancer treatment the fruit of the raspberry may help prevent cancer, according to a January 1999 report in Cancer Weekly Plus. Black raspberries, according to an article in the journal Cancer Research, help to protect against esophageal cancer, which is the sixthleading cause of deaths from cancer worldwide. Frey, PhD Raspberry Description Raspberry (Rubus ideaeus) is a deciduous bush from the Rosaceae family that grows up to 6 ft (2 m) high, with erect and thorny stems, a thin spine and perennial roots. The bush is well-known for its fruit, a red spherical berry that grows continuously on the branches. Raspberries can be grown in many temperate countries, in either dry or moist wooded areas. High concentrations of tannin found in the plant are the source of its astringent effects. It also contains flavonoids, pectin, citric and malic acids, and a crystallizable fruit sugar and water. Researchers think that ellagic acid is not the only beneficial compound in raspberries, however, and are presently studying other substances found in the fruit. Diabetes Some studies have shown that raspberries may help reduce glucose levels and therefore may be helpful to people with diabetes. Another important precaution is to be sure that the raspberries are not contaminated by a gastrointestinal parasite called Cyclospora. The parasite causes a disease called cyclosporiasis, which caused several serious outbreaks in the mid-1990s in the United States and Canada. Side effects Although raspberry is used as an antidiarrheal herb, overuse may actually cause diarrhea.

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We discuss how each of the individual insulins discussed above can be used antibiotics hidradenitis suppurativa buy 250 mg azithromycin with mastercard, alone or more often in combination antibiotic 48 hours contagious azithromycin 500 mg lowest price, in conjunction with lifestyle and diet to infection of the cervix cheap azithromycin 100mg line control blood glucose virus buster serge 250mg azithromycin with amex. While health care professionals employ a variety of skills and techniques to minimize what people see as a life-changing event, we remain very aware of the many anxieties insulin injections can induce. One way in which insulin injections can be introduced to people no longer able to manage their blood glucose on diet, lifestyle and oral therapy alone is to start with only one injection a day. This is usually added on to existing oral therapies rather than as a replacement therapy. An increasing number of studies have now been published demonstrating that a once a day basal insulin can be used as an add-on therapy to metformin, a sulfonylurea, the thiazolidinedione pioglitazone and as an add-on to these agents when used as a dual or triple oral therapy [57]. The initiation of insulin therapy, whether in the hospital or, more commonly, in the community, should only take place within a structured program employing active insulin dose titration. The program should include appropriate education, ongoing telephone, text and/or email support, the use of blood glucose self-monitoring to help with dose titration to an agreed target, an understanding of diet, avoidance and management of hypoglycemia and support from appropriately trained and experienced health care professionals. However, many health care professionals opt for long-acting insulin analogs particularly in people who require assistance with injections from a carer or health care professional and where the use of an analog would reduce the number of injections from twice to once a day. Once started on a basal insulin it is important to adjust insulin doses appropriately to achieve an agreed target. While self monitoring of blood glucose is important in the dose titration process, the ultimate measure that determines the success or otherwise of the basal insulin is the HbA1c value. If this is proving difficult to control with satisfactory fasting plasma glucose values, the next step would be to add a prandial fast or rapid-acting insulin component. The ideal time to test the impact of the prandial insulin, and certainly a rapid-acting insulin analog, is 90 minutes to 2 hours after the meal. As with basal insulin adjustment it is advisable not to make too frequent a change in insulin dosage and ideally no less than every 3 days or no more than twice a week. The patient may vary the amount of insulin administered based upon the size of the meal, although as the insulin is given with the main meal of the day, the dose is usually fairly stable from one day to another. As glycemic control becomes more difficult to achieve a second prandial insulin injection may be necessary, taken before the second main meal of the day using a similar dose titration procedure as that for the single prandial injection [64]. This can be achieved by the addition of a prandial insulin with the main meal followed as needed by the addition of a prandial insulin before every meal [57]. Alternatively, patients can be switched from a basal insulin to a premixed insulin which traditionally has been given twice daily, at breakfast and the evening meal, but which increasingly is also given initially once a day with the main meal and increased up to three times a day [59,63]. The dietary intake of the individual will determine which the main meal of the day is and therefore with which meal the single injection of fast- or rapid-acting insulin will be given. In most patients, with the development of long-acting analog insulins, the basal injection is administered once a day. However, based on the results of pre-meal self-monitored blood glucose values some patients may require two basal injections approximately 12 hours apart to achieve satisfactory before meal glucose values without hypoglycemia. Traditionally, with animal and then human insulins, basal injections are given in the evening, often before bed. This is less important with the basal analog insulins and indeed many patients benefit from having their once a day basal injection at the same time each morning. It is important that insulin doses are adequately titrated to achieve target glucose and HbA1c values and for the basal bolus regimen the dose of the basal insulin is determined by measurement of fasting (pre-meal) glucose values and the most appropriate fast human or rapid-acting analog insulin dose is best determined by 2 hour post-prandial glucose values. Meal Meal Meal 435 Part 6 Treatment of Diabetes Insulin mixtures While some patients still self-mix either animal or human fastacting and long-acting insulins prior to injection, most people using insulin mixes inject premixed insulin preparations. In recent years, we have seen a whole spectrum of insulin premix insulins ranging from a 10: 90 to 50: 50 short: long-acting insulin ratios. In reality, many of these premixes were not required and consequently through lack of use the range of premixes has contracted down to 25: 75, 30: 70 and 50: 50 mixes. Most patients use premixed insulin twice a day, before breakfast and the evening meal. For patients moving up to three injections a day, the 50: 50 mixture providing more rapid-acting insulin at meal times may be more appropriate than the more commonly used 25: 75 or 30: 70 mixture, usually given twice a day. There are many factors that influence the decision to opt for a specific regimen and ultimately the most important is patient choice rather than evidence from clinical trials. The advantages of such an approach are that it is generally better at providing a more physiologic insulin replacement with a greater degree of 24-hour flexibility than less frequent premixed insulin. While it has the disadvantage of more daily insulin injections and for many more frequent self blood glucose monitoring, which is not popular with some patients, particularly young and teenage children, it does provide a much greater degree of flexibility throughout the day. Importantly, it allows the patient to vary the meal time dose at up to three different time points during the day to accommodate different daily activities and meal sizes. For some, this "freedom" is less important and the administration of only two injections a day sways them towards an insulin premix. Views differ on the insulin of choice for initiation, particularly as an add-on to oral hypoglycemic therapy. Prior to the introduction of the longacting basal analogs, many patients requiring insulin were started on a twice a day premixed insulin often as an add-on to metformin. The relative merits of basal only, prandial only and premixed insulin are unclear [70] and are currently being further evaluated [71].

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Local irritation bacteria nintendo 64 buy 500mg azithromycin visa, corneal damage antibiotic quinine cheap 100 mg azithromycin mastercard, ptosis antibiotic gonorrhea cheap azithromycin 500 mg without prescription, No known systemic effects from topical use antimicrobial for dogs purchase 100 mg azithromycin free shipping. Conjunctival vasoconstriction, local irri- Rare: headaches, increased blood pressure, nausea, cartation, mydriasis, angle closure glaudiac arrhythmia. Decreased intraocular pressure, local irritation, miosis, accommodation spasm, decreased visual acuity. Idoxuridine, trifluridine, vidarabine Herpes simplex keratitis Naphazoline Symptomatic treatment of allergic or inflammatory reactions. Decreased intraocular pressure, miosis, accommodation spasm, decreased visual acuity, retinal tears (rare). Appendix 1 Ocular effects and side effects Decreased visual acuity, mydriasis, angle closure glaucoma, cycloplegia, increased intraocular pressure. Systemic side effects (Continued) Pharmaceutical Indications 554 Scopolamine O O Therapeutic mydriasis. Appendix 2 Ocular effects and side effects Systemic side effects Non-ophthalmic preparations with ocular side effects Systemic cardiovascular preparations Decreased visual acuity, mydriasis, angle closure glaucoma, visual hallucinations. Decreased visual acuity, visual hallucinations, decreased intraocular pressure, dry eye. Yellowish brown deposits in the cornea, Thyroid dysfunction, pulmoconjunctiva, and lens. Decreased intraocular pressure, decreased visual acuity, allergic reaction in eyelids and conjunctiva. Decreased visual acuity, irritation, miosis, ptosis, diplopia, decreased intraocular pressure. Continued Digitalis glycosides (digoxin, digitoxin, acetyldigoxin) O O Cardiac insufficiency. Suppression of corneal reflex, depressed accommodation and depth perception, ocular motility disturbances, allergic conjunctivitis. Decreased visual acuity, pigment deposits on the surface of the lens and cornea, changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (especially with thioridazine). Benzodiazepines (alprazolam, diazepam, clonazepam, midazolam) O Anxiety and agitated states. Chlorpromazine, thioridazine, perphenazine (group of phenothiazine neuroleptics) O O O O Schizophrenia. Respiratory depression, bronMiosis, decreased visual acuity, decreased accommodation and conver- choconstriction, constipation, euphoria (addictive). Decreased visual acuity including toxic amblyopia, mydriasis, retinal damage (edema or vascular constriction), optic disk edema, scotomas. Optic neuritis, atrophy of the optic nerve, visual field changes, optic disk edema, color vision defects. Mydriasis, depressed accommodation, diplopia, optic disk edema with cerebral pseudotumor (secondary). Indications 558 Chloramphenicol Severe bacterial infections such as abdominal typhus, Haemophilus influenzae meningitis. Polyneuropathy (vitamin B6 metabolic dysfunction), allergic reactions, liver damage. Conjunctival hyperemia, blepharoconjunctivitis, color change (orange) of fluid is possible. Nystagmus, decreased visual acuity, toxic amblyopia, color vision defect, atrophy of the optic nerve. Myopia, optic disk edema with cerebral pseudotumor, decreased visual acuity, diplopia. Ocular effects and side effects Systemic medications for treating rheumatic disorders Indications Systemic side effects Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine Base medication in rheumatoid arthritis. Blood count changes, Deposits on the eyelids, conjunctiva, cornea (chrysiasis), and lens (rare). Microscopic gastrointestinal bleeding, allergies, bronchospasm, ototoxic side effects. Ocular effects and side effects Decreased visual acuity, increased intraocular pressure, posterior subcapsular cataract. Glucocorticoids O Anaphylactic shock, immunosuppressive therapy (such as in ulcerous colitis or immunohemolytic anemia). Decreased visual acuity, retinal vascular changes (occlusion, bleeding, spasm), retinal edema, visual field changes, optic neuritis. Other important medications with ocular side effects Subconjunctival or retinal bleeding, hyphema. Coumarin derivatives (phenprocoumon, warfarin) Thinning of blood as prophylaxis against and treatment of venous thrombosis. Loss of eyelashes, increased intracranial Severe headaches, loss of hair, nausea, pruritus, rhagades, pressure (cerebral pseudotumor), bone and joint pain. Strabismus, calcium deposits in the conjunctiva and cornea (calcific band keratopathy), atrophy of the optic nerve due to calcium occlusion of the optic canal. Ocular effects and side effects 562 Atropine Mydriasis, decreased visual acuity, angle closure glaucoma, cycloplegia, increased intraocular pressure. Fatigue, headache and pain in the extremities, paleness, colic, paralysis, lead halo on the gums.

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It can also occur in heterophoria (latent strabismus) after one eye has been covered with a bandage for a prolonged period sulfa antibiotics for sinus infection buy generic azithromycin 500 mg line. Unilateral visual impairment: Severe nearsightedness antimicrobial wood purchase azithromycin 100mg visa, corneal scarring antibiotics for acne boots cheap 100mg azithromycin mastercard, lens opacities (cataract) antibiotics for bladder infection during pregnancy azithromycin 250mg free shipping, macular changes, and retinal disorders can cause secondary strabismus. Pathophysiology: Deviation of the visual axis of the deviating eye causes objects to be projected to noncorresponding points on the retina. One would expect these patients suffer from constant double vision because the left and right eyes supply different information to the brain. However, the central nervous system utilizes two mechanisms to help avoid double vision in concomitant strabismus: 1. Suppression: A central inhibiting mechanism suppresses the visual stimuli from the deviating eye. There are two different types of suppression: Central scotoma: this visual field defect occurs when the perceived object is projected to the same location on the fovea in both eyes but strabismus causes the eyes to perceive it as separate objects. As this would cause confusion, the object projected on the fovea of the deviating eye is suppressed. Fixation point scotoma: this visual field defect occurs when the image perceived by the leading eye is projected to a point next to the fovea in the deviating eye. This results in diplopia as the fixation point does not lie within the fovea as it would in physiologic sight. The scotoma occurs at this noncorresponding point next to the fovea to suppress the diplopia. Sensory adaptation: In binocular vision with the gaze directed straight ahead, the fixation point of the deviating eye can fall beyond the fovea. This produces anomalous retinal correspondence as the fixation point in the nondeviating eye always falls on the fovea. This means that the image created in the deviating eye is not as sharply focused as the image in the leading eye and is suppressed. Constant suppression in strabismus in the form of a central and fixation scotomas can lead to severe amblyopia, especially in children below the age of six. In alternating strabismus, fixation or deviation alternates between both eyes so that both eyes learn to see. A differential diagnosis must distinguish amblyopia in strabismus from other forms of amblyopia. O Hypertropia and hypotropia: Ocular deviation with one eye higher or lower than the other. Congenital or infantile esotropia: Strabismus is present at birth or develops within the first six months of life. O "A pattern deviation" refers to an inward angle of deviation that increases in upgaze and decreases in downgaze. O "V pattern deviation" refers to an inward angle of deviation that decreases in upgaze and increases in downgaze. Usually the disorder manifests itself at the age of two and leads to sensory adaptation syndromes in the form of unilateral strabismus. This form of acute late strabismus with normal sensory development is encountered far less frequently than other forms. As binocular vision is already well developed, affected children cannot immediately suppress the visual images of the deviating eye. As a result, they suffer from sudden double vision at the onset of strabismus, which they attempt to suppress by closing one eye. Clinical experience has shown that moderate and severe hyperopia will be detected more frequently than in the congenital form. Binocular vision is well developed in late strabismus with normal sensory development. Surgery within three to six months will allow the patient to maintain or regain stereoscopic vision. Microstrabismus: this is defined as unilateral esotropia with a minimal cosmetic effect, i. Binocular vision is partially preserved despite anomalous retinal correspondence and amblyopia. For this reason, treatment is limited to occlusion therapy to correct the amblyopia. For example in accommodative esotropia, the angle of deviation is larger with close objects than with distant objects. The disorder is corrected with bifocal eyeglasses, which in the case of accommodative esotropia have a strong near-field correction. However, the angle of deviation may also improve to the point that the visual axes are parallel with good binocular vision. The arrow indicates the dividing line between the distance and nearfield portions.

References:

  • https://aspe.hhs.gov/system/files/pdf/257216/ExamDCMod.pdf
  • https://www.edf.org/sites/default/files/content/49_NGOs_Opening_Brief_01-14-21.pdf
  • https://www.azdhs.gov/documents/preparedness/epidemiology-disease-control/disease-investigation-resources/communicable-disease-report-form.pdf
  • http://galton.uchicago.edu/%7Ethisted/courses/315/lectures/0297.pdf
  • https://multimedia.3m.com/mws/media/1845355O/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov-tech-talk.pdf